Vegetarian and vegan eating

Everyone has their own understanding of what they do and don’t like to eat, how they eat, when they eat, and the foods that make them feel satisfied. Everyone is different, and acceptance of the different ways that people eat is an important part of bonding with others. The way that people eat can be different for so many reasons, such as health reasons, religious reasons, social reasons, financial reasons, or ethical reasons. For whatever reason people choose to eat, a dietitian will ensure that what is eaten provides the most benefits for overall health and nutritional status.

Vegetarianism and veganism are becoming a popular choice of eating style, and there is some care and planning that goes into ensuring that all the nutrients needed are consumed. For detailed guidance if you choose this style of eating, speak to one of our Accredited Practising Dietitians.

Below we will examine that different types of vegetarianism, and what veganism is.

Vegetarians choose to eliminate either all animal flesh and muscle products, which can include fish, seafood, and other molluscs, from their intake or a certain variety of these foods. People who follow these dietary patterns can be classified into a variety of categories, and each person can have certain foods they choose to include or exclude from their intake. These can include gelatine, rennet, and sometimes honey.

  • Pescatarian – these individuals will eat fish and other seafood, but not red or white meat products. They may or may not also eat eggs and dairy foods.
  • Lacto-vegetarian – these individuals will consume dairy products, such as milk, cheese, yoghurt, and cream, but will not eat red meat, white meat, eggs, or seafood.
  • Lacto-ovo-vegetarian – these individuals will eat dairy foods and eggs, but not red or white meat or seafood.
  • Ovo-vegetarian – these individuals will only eat eggs, but no other meat or dairy products.


Vegans – individuals who follow a vegan diet do not eat any animal products, including red meat, white meat, fish, and all other seafoods, honey, and will not wear or use any products that have been derived from animal sources, such as leather, wool, or lanolin.

There are a variety of other styles of eating which individuals follow. Following these patterns can often put the individual of nutrient deficiencies if the intake isn’t planned for well. Protein, iron, and vitamin B12 are most commonly affected, so it is important to follow up with a doctor to ensure regular blood tests are done.

For guidance or advice on any of these types of eating, book an appointment to speak with one of our APDs.